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American Indians/Alaska Natives: Demographics

There are 4 million U.S. citizens who identified themselves as having AIAN ancestry.

Eleven states have more than 100,000 AIANs, including:

  • California 
  • New Mexico 
  • Florida 
  • North Carolina
  • Oklahoma
  • Washington
  • Texas
  • Alaska
  • Arizona
  • Michigan 
  • New York

Cities with the largest populations of AIANs are


  • New York,
  • Los Angeles,
  • Phoenix,
  • Tulsa,
  • Oklahoma City
  • Anchorage.

According to the U.S. census, 25.7 percent of AIANs are at the poverty rate, compared to the national average of 12.4 percent.

There are 32 tribally-controlled community colleges and universities (seven of which are four-year institutions).

    Visit the U.S. Census Bureau's American Factfinder  for the most up-to-date information.


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