Women faculty continue to earn less than men faculty in all but one sector (private AA institutions). The greatest disparity continues to be at doctoral universities, where women’s salaries are less than 80 percent of men’s salaries (Table 3), as has been the case for the last several years. Some progress has been made over the past six years in most sectors, and female faculty members at community and baccalaureate colleges continue to show smaller salary differences.
The number of women faculty continues to increase
Despite women's salaries making little headway, the percentage of full-time women faculty at public institutions has increased 81 percent since 1989—90, while the number of men increased by 8 percent (Table 4). The share of women working full-time at private institutions has also increased dramatically during this time period, by 61 percent. Public doctoral universities and community colleges have seen a net increase in women faculty of 137 percent and 64 percent, respectively. Women account for 84 percent of the increase in the number of teaching faculty over the past 17 years.
Despite their gains as a percentage of full-time faculty members at public and private institutions, women still represent a minority share (43 percent) of total faculty. While women comprise more than half the faculty at community colleges, they are below half in all other sectors, with doctoral universities showing the greatest gender disparity (Chart 5).
Minority faculty underrepresented
Minority faculty members continue to be underrepresented at public and private colleges and universities (Chart 6). The percentages of African-American, Hispanic, and American Indian faculty in 2005—06 are well below parity with 2025 population projections, while Asians have already surpassed parity. These numbers have remained essentially unchanged over the past two years. Given the recent growth in the Hispanic population, as well as the increasing number of both Hispanic and African-American students attending postsecondary institutions, the gap will continue to increase unless serious effort is given to encouraging young scholars from minority backgroundsto work in the nation’s colleges and universities.