Who Are the Contingent Faculty?
Graduate teaching assistants, part-time faculty, adjuncts, and full-time faculty who are employed by the college or university to work on a temporary basis are the contingent academic labor workforce.
The NEA and Contingent Academic Workers in Higher Education: NBI 2004-60 Action Plan ( 217k, 46 pp)
This report is a comprehensive plan of action developed "to secure for contingent academic workers throughout public higher education the rights, benefits and protections that full-time tenure track workers currently enjoy." The elements of the plan include recommendations for research, organizing, political advocacy, collective bargaining, leadership development and capacity building, and communications.
NEA Policy Statement on Part-time and Temporary Faculty
NEA Higher Education Research Center Updates
"Part-Time Faculty: A Look at Data and Issues" Volume 11 No. 3 September 2007
The data in this Research Center Update shows that public two-year institutions employ the greatest number of part-time faculty (67%). The vast majority of part-time faculty holds instructor or lecturer positions. Part-time faculty members stay with the same institution for at least seven years.
"Part-time Faculty" Volume 7 No. 4 September 2001
Part-time faculty members in this country's higher education institutions comprised 39 percent of all faculty. The number of part-time faculty increased 22 percent while the number of full-time faculty only increased 4 percent. This report discusses the role part-time faculty members play in colleges and universities. Data is based on the Department of Education's National Study of Postsecondary Faculty (NSOPF:99).
The NEA Almanac of Higher Education
2008 “Bargaining for Full-time Non-Tenure Track Faculty” by Gary Rhoades and Christine Maitland — a review of language bargained for full-time temporary faculty in the areas of compensation, evaluation, appointment and reappointment.
- Addendum 1: Summary of Provisions 4 year institutions
- Addendum 2: Summary of Provisions 2 year institutions
2006 “More Than They Bargained For: Contingent Faculty” by Gary Rhoades and Christine Maitland — a review of language for contingent faculty in the areas of job security, evaluation, compensation and professional development.
2005 “Bargaining for Contingent Faculty" by Christine Maitland and Gary Rhoades — a review of contract language for contingent faculty in four states. The chapter discusses the differences in negotiations between combined units (full and part-time) and separate units for full and part-time faculty.
2004 "Employment at the Margins: Nonstandard Work in Higher Education." by Henry Lee Allen. Examines a thirty year trend of growing part-time faculty employment at the expense of full-time positions. Data reveals a dominance of part-time faculty at public community colleges.
2003 "Diversity, Nonstandard Work, and Academic Employment in the 21st Century." by Henry Lee Allen. Examines the fiscal, political and structural forces that influence the long-term trend toward contingent academic labor.
2000, "Union Organizing and The Law: Part-time Faculty and Graduate Teaching Assistants." by Gregory M. Saltzman. Analyzes the labor laws pertaining to organizing part-time faculty and graduate teaching assistants.
James C. Palmer. "Part-Time Faculty at Community Colleges: A National Profile." 1999). James Palmer profiles the rising ranks of part-time faculty at community colleges nationwide.
NEA Thought & Action
Ben Johnson and Tom McCarthy."Casual Labor and the Future of the Academy" NEA Thought & Action (Summer 2000). The academy relies more heavily on casual workers—part-time and adjunct instructors—than any other sector of the economy. As the use of casual workers continues, the career hopes of thousands of would-be professors are severely undermined.