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References and Resources

Ausburn, L. J., and F. B. Ausburn. (1978) Visual literacy: Background theory and practice. Programmed Learning and Educational Technology, 15: 291-297.

Berry, C., L.A. Schmied, and J. C. Schrock. (2008) The role of emotion in teaching and learning history: A scholarship of teaching exploration, The History Teacher, 41: 437-452.

Felten, P. (2008) Resource review: Visual literacy. Change Magazine. 60-63.

Hoffman, D.D. (1998) Visual intelligence: How we create what we see. New York: Norton.

Luke, C. (2003) Pedagogy, connectivity, multimodality, and interdisciplinarity. Reading Research Quarterly, 38: 397-403.

Martinez, K. (1995) Imaging the past: Historians, visual images, and the contested definition of history. Visual Resources, 11: 21-45. 

Thomas, E., N. Place and C. Hillyard. Students and teachers learning to see: Part I. College Teaching. 56: 23-27.

Additional resources

Center for Digital Storytelling:

Cool Iris:


Library of Congress’s American Memory site:

Periodic Table of Visualization Methods:


Spatial Perspectives on Analysis for Curriculum Enhancement (social and environmental science):

Sprixi (freely licensed images):

Tag Cloud Guide:

Visualization Motion Chart (displays changes in multiple variables over time):

Wordle Guide:

Published in:

Published In


  • anc_dyn_linksSeeing Is Believing
  • anc_dyn_linksTales from Real Life: Seeing it Differently: Digital Storytelling
  • anc_dyn_linksLearning to Look
  • anc_dyn_linksBest Practices: Words as Images
  • anc_dyn_linksIssues to Consider: Helping Students See the Bigger Picture
  • anc_dyn_linksReferences and Resources

More Issues of the Advocate

  • anc_dyn_linksApril 2010
  • anc_dyn_linksDecember 2009
  • anc_dyn_linksOctober 2009
  • anc_dyn_linksJune 2009
  • anc_dyn_linksApril 2009
  • anc_dyn_linksSpecial Salary Issue 2009
  • anc_dyn_linksFebruary 2009
  • anc_dyn_linksDecember 2008
  • anc_dyn_linksOctober 2008
  • anc_dyn_linksJune 2008
  • anc_dyn_linksSpecial Salary Issue 2008
  • anc_dyn_linksApril 2008
  • anc_dyn_linksFebruary 2008