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Methodology for Great Public Schools Framework

The GPS Indicator Framework is the result of three years’ of research and collaborative sessions with education stakeholders. A panel of academics and practitioners conferred on components integral to a successful, great public school.

These components were then tested and validated via a review process that included triangulation and an independent review committee. The final product is seven criteria, 32 sub criteria, and over 200 research and evidenced-based qualitative and quantitative indicators at the state and district levels.

The sub criteria represent critical areas of policy or practice related to the criteria, and the indicators determine the extent to which states and schools address the GPS criteria. State level indicators consist of specific policies or practices. In some cases, state level indicators will have corresponding indicators.

Corresponding indicators were designed to capture fidelity to the state policy. Not all state level indicators will have corresponding indicators, and not all district level indicators will have a corresponding state level indicator. Indicators without corresponding state level indicators were designed to capture policies and practices that occur in the absence of state guidance.

The indicators are composed of both qualitative and quantitative variables. The state level indicators are predominately dichotomous qualitative variables, and the majority of district level indicators are composed of continuous variables. For most of the indicators, NEA seeks a desired range or target. The desired target for, “Percentage of districts with students who have an average of fewer than 10 absences in a school year (or less than 5 percent of the school year),” is 100 percent. There are, however, indicators without a desired range or target. Indicators such as, “Average per-pupil funding in preK,” “Average number of instructional minutes at the district level,” and “The annual dollar amount of state tax expenditures” such indicators are exploratory in purpose. Education research has not yet defined an optimal range or threshold.

Mobilizing to ensure opportunity, equity, and success for every student



NEA Secretary-Treasurer, Becky Pringle, sits down with the Coalition for Community Schools, National Parent Teacher Association (PTA), National Urban League, and Dr. Ivory Toldson to discuss the NEA's vision of Great Public Schools (GPS). Panelists discuss indicators of a quality education, specifically, the NEA's evidenced-based GPS Indicators.

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