Never Lost: Polynesian Navigation
Navigation or wayfinding is the subject of the Exploratorium website Never Lost: Polynesian Navigation. The website requires Flash and can be viewed in English and Hawaiian.
Polynesia, a triangle bounded by Hawai’i, Rapa Nui (Easter Island), and Aotearoa (New Zealand), covers an area of the Pacific Ocean equivalent to North and South America, though the land mass contained within that vast triangle is equivalent to about a third of New York state.
Polynesians purposefully sailed, not drifted, thousands of miles using their knowledge of the stars, winds, currents, and animal behavior. Polynesians probably visited South America. The sweet potato important in their diet originated in South America, and the Polynesian word for sweet potato, kumara, is the same word used by Peruvian Indians.
Never Lost is a large site providing a lot of information and many ideas for projects and activities in social studies, language arts, science, art, and math.
Four sections cover
- Polynesian origins,
- the canoe,
- navigation, and
Each section contains print, video, artifacts, recipes, and other interactive features such as a planetarium and canoe. Users learn about traditional tools, horticulture, Hula, canoe building, knot tying, swell patterns, provisioning, and more.
A good place to start is one section of Voyage: Talking Stories, a collection of twelve short videos relating aspects of voyages and their cultural and individual importance.
Stick charts are the traditional navigation maps Polynesians fashioned to record island locations, swell patterns, and wave breaks.
Maui is a major figure in Polynesian myth, credited with fishing up the islands. Pantheon has an online encyclopedia of Polynesian myth.
Oceanic/Pacific Literature, Art & Music