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6 + 1 Trait Writing

Found in: language arts & literature, preK-2, 3-5, 6-8, 9-12

6+1 Trait® Writing  is an instructional approach designed to help teachers for grades K-12 improve how they teach and respond to student writing.

What is good writing? 

Trait Definitions offer a shared vocabulary that describes key characteristics found in good writing: ideas, organization, voice, word choice, sentence fluency, conventions, and presentation. The traits and approach are applicable to all types of writing.

How should teachers evaluate and guide student writing?

Writing Rubrics provide a frame for assessing student writing and fitting instruction to specific student needs.  The K-2 Rubric (  PDF, 307 KB, 8 pgs.) and 3-12 Rubric (  PDF, 715 KB 15 pgs.) are detailed outlines for instruction and assessment. Each trait is evaluated along a continuum from beginning to exceptional.

What about Common Core State Standards? 

Common Core State Standards and the 6+1 Trait® Writing Model of Instruction & Assessment  includes documents that correlate the CCSS standards and elements of the 6+1 Trait model:

Research supplies studies of the importance of writing, strategies for teaching writing, and the efficacy of the 6+1 Trait Writing Model. An Investigation of the Impact of the 6+1 Trait Writing Model on Grade 5 Student Writing Achievement Final Report  (  141 pgs, 3 MB) concluded in 2011 “…that use of the 6+1 Trait Writing model significantly increased student writing scores during the year in which it was introduced to schools.”

Common concerns are addressed under FAQs.


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