6 + 1 Trait Writing
6+1 Trait® Writing is an instructional approach designed to help teachers for grades K-12 improve how they teach and respond to student writing.
What is good writing?
Trait Definitions offer a shared vocabulary that describes key characteristics found in good writing: ideas, organization, voice, word choice, sentence fluency, conventions, and presentation. The traits and approach are applicable to all types of writing.
How should teachers evaluate and guide student writing?
Writing Rubrics provide a frame for assessing student writing and fitting instruction to specific student needs. The K-2 Rubric ( PDF, 307 KB, 8 pg.) and 3-12 Rubric ( PDF, 715 KB 15 pg.) are detailed outlines for instruction and assessment. Each trait is evaluated along a continuum from beginning to exceptional.
What about Common Core State Standards?
Common Core State Standards and the 6+1 Trait® Writing Model of Instruction & Assessment includes documents that correlate the CCSS standards and elements of the 6+1 Trait model:
- The Crosswalk ( PDF, 139 KB, 3 pg.) links traits and standards for argumentative, informational/ explanatory, and narrative writing.
- Common Core State Standards Samples of Student Writing, Scored With a 6+1 Trait Rubric ( PDF, 22.3 MB, 107 pg.) supplies samples of K-12 writing and teacher responses.
Research supplies studies of the importance of writing, strategies for teaching writing, and the efficacy of the 6+1 Trait Writing Model. An Investigation of the Impact of the 6+1 Trait Writing Model on Grade 5 Student Writing Achievement Final Report ( 141 pgs, 3 MB) concluded in 2011 that “…that use of the 6+1 Trait Writing model significantly increased student writing scores during the year in which it was introduced to schools.”
Common concerns are addressed under FAQs.