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U.S. Education Paraeducator Workforce Statistics

Of the over 2.1 million ESP in the total U.S. K-12 education workforce, over 760,000 are paraeducators. Paraeducators also represent 11% of the almost 700,000 ESP who work in higher education. The following data is reflective of paraeducators in the total U.S. education workforce and is based on the U.S. Census Bureau’s American Community Survey (ACS).

(Over 2.1 million ESP work in the nation's K-12 public schools)*

(Over 691,000 ESP work in higher education.)

Workforce Count 762,502
36% of the K-12 workforce
11% of the Higher Ed workforce
Average Age 46


Gender 90% female 60% female
Household Income $81,844 $66,771
Receives SNAP
(Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program)
11.6% 5.7%
Living below poverty level 8.1% 21.4%
Have some college, an Associate Degree, or College Grad+ 67.0%


Marital Status 62.8% are married

81.3% are single

Usual Hours 26.8% work 1-29 hours

55.1% work 35 hours or more
70.9% work 1-29 hours

23.3% work 35 hours or more

 *2013 K-12 and Higher Ed Demographics ESP Work Force, by Job Group

Source: NEA ESP Data Book, December 2015