ESSA Implementation Begins
For 14 long years, students and educators have lived under the deeply flawed No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) returns decision making for our nation’s education back where it belongs - in the hands of local educators, parents and communities - while keeping the focus on students most in need.
Simply stated, the Every Student Succeeds Act will help ensure that all students, regardless of their ZIP code, will have the support, tools, and time to learn that they need to succeed and that educators’ voices are part of the decision making process all levels.
Throughout the reauthorization process, NEA’s priorities were threefold:
1) elevate the voices of educators in the policymaking process,
2) decouple standardized testing from high stake decisions, and
3) create an “opportunity dashboard” to help close opportunity gaps in needy schools.
Based on these measures, ESSA has the potential to be a game-changer.
What Happens Next
Even after the historic passage of ESSA, the work in many ways is just beginning. Because the new law does away with so many federal mandates on everything from assessment, accountability and evaluation, state legislatures will be playing a decisive role in determining how ESSA is implemented. It’s now up to the states to work with local stakeholders and districts to design, for example, new and better assessments and accountability systems and follow-through on identifying and filling opportunity gaps.
With the bill’s passage, the work is just beginning. Below are links to our first set of one-pagers on specific topics in the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). More information is being pulled together as the focus shifts to implementation.
Check back often as new information will be added regularly.
- ESSA: Teacher Evaluations ( PDF, 253 KB, 3 pgs.)
- ESSA: Winning Professional Development through ESSA ( PDF, 234 KB, 3 pgs.)
- ESSA: Performance-Based Compensation Under ESSA ( PDF, 287 KB, 4 pgs.)
- ESSA: Teacher Evaluation ( PDF, 106 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: "Opportunity Dashboard" Indicator ( PDF, 835 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Charter Schools ( PDF, 806 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Assessing Students With Disabilities ( PDF, 484 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Teacher Academies ( PDF, 159 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Proposed Alternative to Highly Qualified Teachers ( PDF, 204 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Student Opportunity ( PDF, 106 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Less Testing = More Learning ( PDF, 106 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Teacher Empowerment ( PDF, 122 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Paraeducator Empowerment ( PDF, 113 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: State-designed Accountability Systems ( PDF, 106 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Weighted student-funding formulas ( PDF, 106 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: School Discipline ( PDF, 106 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Student and School Safety / Bullying Prevention ( PDF, 106 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: American Civics and History Education ( PDF, 137 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA:Early Childhood Education ( PDF, 502 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Equitable Participation ( PDF, 407 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Family and Communities ( PDF, 313 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Literacy Education for All, Results for the Nation (LEARN) ( PDF, 406 KB, 1 pg.)
- ESSA: Secondary Schools ( PDF, 305 KB, 1 pg.)
Mapping out the new grant structure
While ESSA retains most formula grant programs funded currently, the new law repeals many programs as well and even adds some new programs, including a new block grant, Student Support and Academic Enhancement Grants, that allows funds to be used for many of the same purposes of the programs eliminated. ESSA provides modest increases in funding overall each year from FY 2017 to FY 2020 compared to current funding, but it will be up to Congress to actually appropriate the funds.
To get you started, here are some tables that map out the changes in grant programs and funding levels from current law to ESSA.
- ESSA: Funding Transition & Effective Dates (
PDF, 255 KB, 1 pg.)
A brief one-pager on the transition from grant programs under current law to ESSA, along with key dates.
- ESSA: Authorization of Appropriations (
PDF, 95.2 KB, 3 pp.)
Authorized funding levels by title, program, and fiscal year.
- ESSA: Authorization of Appropriations Compared to Current Appropriations (
PDF, 167 KB, 3 pp.)
Authorized funding levels by title, program, and fiscal year compared to 2016 appropriations under current law.
- ESSA: Authorization of Appropriations Crosswalk of Current Law with ESSA (
PDF, 164 KB, 4 pp.)
Crosswalks all programs under current law (funded and non-funded) with their status under ESSA.
SPRING INTO ESSA: Season of Action
The Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA) presents an opportunity to ensure success for each and every student. This opportunity will only be realized if educators lead implementation, make our voices heard and work with our communities to advocate on behalf of students. Join us!
Sample School Board Resolution: Click here
Want to be ‘in the know' about how ESSA should be implemented? Sign up here
With Passage of Every Student Succeeds Act, Life After NCLB Begins
On December 10, President Obama, with a stroke of a pen, made it official: the No Child Left Behind era is over.
Obama signed into law the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA), one day after it was passed by an overwhelmingly bipartisan vote in the U.S. Senate, which followed broad passage in the House.