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State Charter Statutes

NEA Reports on Charter Statutes
State Charter Statutes
Published: July 2020

The National Education Association released its State Charter Statutes Report Cards on Thursday, May 9, 2019. See press release here. The report card provides a specific roadmap for states who want charter schools that work for all students and are accountable and transparent to taxpayers and the communities they serve. NEA believes that public charter schools must meet four key requirements: they must be:

(1) genuinely public schools in every respect;
(2) accountable to the public via open and transparent governance;
(3) approved, overseen, and evaluated by local school boards; and
(4) providers of high quality education for their students.

In 2017, these four key requirements were identified by the elected leaders of NEA’s three million members and detailed in the NEA Policy Statement on Charter Schools.

NEA’s assessment of charter school laws was limited by necessity to the terms of the statutes themselves. On some occasions, external sources were consulted to resolve ambiguity or when the statute was silent. While this review captures the statutory landscape of charter schools in any given state, it does not attempt to reflect actual compliance by charters or state or local government entities with those laws.

This report doesn’t just tell us what’s wrong, it provides 13 specific “guard rails” that states can implement to ensure their charter schools are the kind of schools students, parents and tax payers can be proud of.

These 13 metrics were derived from the NEA Charter Schools Policy Statement, created by a task force of diverse educators and leaders, including charter school educators, and approved by the NEA’s Representative Assembly.

With weak regulation and lax oversight in many states with charters, other issues of major concern to students, parents, taxpayers, and communities have emerged, such as:

  • Under-funding our neighborhood and magnet schools. By their very nature, charter schools drain funding from local public schools, which enroll over 90 percent of students in K-12 schools. This underfunding disproportionately impacts public schools in communities of color. Often, with no laws in place to prevent the practice or due to lax enforcement, students with disabilities or from low-income families are pushed out of charter schools that can’t meet their needs, while the schools get to keep the funding taken from the neighborhood public school. That’s unacceptable, and disproportionately impacts students of color.
  • Instability. Charters are very unstable. One out of three charter schools that opened in 2000 had closed by 2010, usually due to poor performance or financial mismanagement. The overwhelming majority of students affected by failed charter schools are students of color.
  • Waste, fraud and abuse. Governments at all levels have failed to implement systems that proactively monitor charter schools and hold them accountable. A 2016 report from the Center for Popular Democracy documents waste, fraud, abuse, and mismanagement of charter school funds, totaling more than $216 million.

There are 44 states plus Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia that have state charter school laws:

Some do not require that charters comply with the same open meetings laws and conflict of interest requirements that apply to public school boards, school districts and employees. These are commonsense protections that parents and communities rightly insist upon for all other taxpayer-funded schools.

Many do not require charter school teachers to meet the same certification requirements as public school teachers.

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National Education Association

Great public schools for every student

The National Education Association (NEA), the nation's largest professional employee organization, is committed to advancing the cause of public education. NEA's 3 million members work at every level of education—from pre-school to university graduate programs. NEA has affiliate organizations in every state and in more than 14,000 communities across the United States.